Corruption significantly impedes businesses operating or planning to invest in Russia. High-level and petty corruption are common, especially in the judicial system and public procurement. The business
environment suffers from inconsistent application of laws. Russia’s regulatory inefficiency substantially increases the cost of doing business and has a negative effect on market competition. Corruption is endemic in Russia’s law enforcement. The Russian police are considered unreliable in protecting companies from crime. However, effective enforcement of anti-corruption legislation is hindered by a politicized and corrupt judicial system.