Whether you trace France’s founding back to the division of Charlemagne’s Holy Roman Empire
(‘Francia’) into three parts in 843 CE, or King Clovis’s accession to the throne in 481 CE, it is undeniable
that the country has existed for a long time. And while for centuries, the feudal system granted greater
power to vassals than to the actual king (the Duke of Normandy’s conquest of England in 1066 is the
perfect example), the nobles were still (nominally at least), subjects of the French monarchy, laying the
foundations for a state that has survived until now.