The 20th century witnessed death and slaughter on an unprecedented scale. It was the century of the Holocaust and two World Wars of communist, Nazi, fascist and military dictators who between them killed more than 100 million people. Scroll down for the leaders themselves, listed in order of the numbers who died as a result of their rule. The casualties of conflicts involving the U.S., the UK and France in Korea, Algeria, Vietnam, the Gulf, Afghanistan and Iraq are excluded on the grounds that, though many would view these as unjust colonial wars by ‘imperialist’ powers, they weren’t fought by dictators. When the wars proved unpopular or unwinnable, they were brought to an end by the pressure of public opinion. Here are 9 the greatest mass murderer in history.
#1. Mao Zedong – China (1949-76)
Regime Communist Victims 60 million.
China’s so-called ‘Great Helmsman’ was in fact the greatest mass murderer in history. Most of his victims were his fellow Chinese, murdered as ‘landlords’ after the communist takeover, starved in his misnamed ‘Great Leap Forward’ of 1958-61. The country embraced capitalism long after his death.