#9. Mengistu Haile Mariam – Ethiopia (1974-78)
Regime Communist military dictatorship
Victims 1.5 million (Eritreans/political opponents). As president of Ethiopia and colonel of “the Derg” Mengitsu systematically killed those against him in the “Red Terror” campaign. Mengistu Haile Mariam is a politician who presided over Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991. The way he got into power was by smothering the previous president Haile Selassie although he has denied those rumors. His biggest claim to fame is the Ethiopian Red Terror which was a campaign of repression led by the Derg.