#8. Easter Island, Polynesia
It was just at the turn of the first millennium AD that the Rapa Nui peoples of eastern Polynesia landed and began surveying the wind-blasted shores of Easter Island. The name is a later European addition courtesy of the Dutchman Jacob Roggeveen, who happened upon the land in 1722. This discovered “countless carved effigies of colossal heads, chiselled and chipped from the black rock boulders of the land”. In fact, there are over more than 880 of the so-called moai heads here, which are each thought to represent the final member of one of the tribal family clans.