Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. Niger faces serious challenges to development due to its landlocked position, desert terrain, inefficient agriculture, high fertility rates and resulting overpopulation without birth control, poor education and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor health care, and environmental degradation. Niger is betting on increased oil exploration and gold mining to help modernize its economy.
But basic rights issues, such as slavery – which was only banned in 2003 and still remains a problem – and a high rate of illiteracy and disease, remain stubborn challenges.
GDP per capita: $358.96
Country GDP: $7,142,951,342
Government type: Republic